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The religious festival Eid al-Fitr, or the “Festival of Breaking the Fast,” is one of two major holidays celebrated by Muslims around the world. In the United States, Eid al-Fitr 2021 begins on the evening of Wednesday, May 12 and ends on the evening of Thursday, May 13.
Also known as the “Lesser Eid,” Eid al-Fitr commemorates the end of the fasting month of Ramadan. An occasion for special prayers, family visits, gift-giving and charity, it takes place over one to three days, beginning on the first day of Shawwal, the 10th month in the Islamic calendar.
The Islamic Calendar
Though some Muslims observe other special days throughout the year, including the beginning of the new year according to the Islamic calendar and the day the Prophet Muhammad was born, the two Eids are the only holidays celebrated by the entire Muslim community worldwide. Eid al-Fitr marks the end of the fast of Ramadan, while Eid al-Adha (“Festival of Sacrifice”) occurs at the end of the annual pilgrimage season.
The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, in which dates are calculated based on the lunar phases, and each new month begins when the waxing crescent moon appears in the sky. Because the 12-month lunar year is approximately 11 days shorter than the solar Gregorian calendar (the 365-day calendar used in the Western world), Islamic months and holidays fall in various seasons depending on the year.
During the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, Ramadan, nearly all Muslims are required to fast from sunrise to sundown and abstain from smoking, drinking (including water) and sexual activity during the daylight hours. Ramadan is the month in which the Prophet Muhammad received the teachings of the Quran, the Islamic holy book, as a guide for mankind and a means for judging between right and wrong. Fasting during Ramadan, known as Sawm, is one of the five pillars, the basic principles that are essential to the Islamic faith.
Because of the lunar calendar, Ramadan and the other months fall in different seasons depending on the year. Over the course of their lives, Muslims around the world have the opportunity to experience fasting during long summer days, short winter days and everything in between.
As in a pilgrimage, fasting during Ramadan takes people out of their normal lifestyles and requires them to engage in solemn contemplation and examination. Experiencing hunger and thirst is supposed to heighten people's awareness of the sufferings of the poor, and gain a greater appreciation for what they have.
Importance of Eid al-Fitr
After a month of prayer, devotion and self-control, Muslims celebrate the accomplishment of their sacred duties during Ramadan with the beginning of Eid al-Fitr, or the Festival of Breaking the Fast. The festival is a national holiday in many countries with large Muslim populations. Celebrations of Eid al-Fitr typically last for three days, one day fewer than those of Eid al-Adha. For this reason, Eid al-Fitr is often called “Lesser” or “Smaller Eid.” Eid al-Adha, known as “Greater Eid,” is seen as the more important holiday of the two.
During Eid al-Fitr, Muslims take part in special morning prayers, greet each other with formal embraces and offer each other greetings of “Eid Mubarak,” or “Have a blessed Eid.” They gather with family and friends, give games and gifts to children and prepare and eat special meals, including sweet dishes like baklava or Turkish delight in Turkey, date-filled pastries and cookies in Saudi Arabia and Iraq and bint al sahn (honey cake) in Yemen.
Another of the five pillars of Islam is Zakat, or giving to those in need. Muslims often prepare for Eid al-Fitr by giving money to charity so that less fortunate families can enjoy the festivities as well. In addition to charity, Muslims are also encouraged to give and seek forgiveness during Eid al-Fitr, and look forward to the opportunity to fast again during Ramadan the following year.
Differences between Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha
The second major holiday in the Islamic calendar, Eid al-Adha, occurs at the end of the Hajj, the annual pilgrimage made by millions of Muslims to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. According to the Quran, the Prophet Abraham (Ibrahim) was willing to sacrifice his son to God (Allah), but God accepted the sacrifice of an animal instead. Eid al-Adha, or the Feast of the Sacrifice, celebrates Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son for God.
Celebrations of the holiday typically last for four days, and are similar to those of Eid al-Fitr, except that Muslims celebrating Eid al-Adha traditionally acknowledge the occasion by slaughtering an animal for meat. The meat is then shared with family and friends, with a large portion given away to the less fortunate.
Ken Chitwood, “What is Eid and how do Muslims celebrate it?” The Conversation, June 3, 2019.
How is Eid al-Fitr celebrated around the world? BBC Bitesize.
Christine Huda Dodge, The Everything Understanding Islam Book (Adams Media, 2003).
What is Eid and how do Muslims celebrate it? 6 questions answered
Editor’s note: Muslims all over the world are celebrating Eid al-Fitr, one of the religion’s principal festivals. In August, Muslims will celebrate Eid al-Adha. Ken Chitwood, a scholar of global Islam, explains the two Islamic festivals.
Eid literally means a stival” or st” in Arabic. There are two major eids in the Islamic calendar per year – Eid al-Fitr earlier in the year and Eid al-Adha later.
Eid al-Fitr is a three-day-long festival and is known as the “Lesser” or “Smaller Eid” when compared to Eid al-Adha, which is four-days-long and is known as the “Greater Eid.”
2. Why is Eid celebrated twice a year?
The two Eids recognize, celebrate and recall two distinct events that are significant to the story of Islam.
Eid al-Fitr means “the feast of breaking the fast.” The fast, in this instance, is Ramadan, which recalls the revealing of the Quran to Prophet Muhammad and requires Muslims to fast from sunrise to sundown for a month.
3. How do Muslims celebrate Eid al-Fitr?
Eid al-Fitr features two to three days of celebrations that include special morning prayers. People greet each other with 𠇎id Mubarak,” meaning 𠇋lessed Eid” and with formal embraces. Sweet dishes are prepared at home and gifts are given to children and to those in need. In addition, Muslims are encouraged to forgive and seek forgiveness. Practices vary from country to country.
In many countries with large Muslim populations, Eid al-Fitr is a national holiday. Schools, offices and businesses are closed so family, friends and neighbors can enjoy the celebrations together. In the U.S. and the U.K., Muslims may request to have the day off from school or work to travel or celebrate with family and friends.
In countries like Egypt and Pakistan, Muslims decorate their homes with lanterns, twinkling lights or flowers. Special food is prepared and friends and family are invited over to celebrate.
In places like Jordan, with its Muslim majority population, the days before Eid al-Fitr can see a rush at local malls and special “Ramadan markets” as people prepare to exchange gifts on Eid al-Fitr.
In Turkey and in places that were once part of the Ottoman-Turkish empire such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Azerbaijan and the Caucasus, it is also known as the, “Lesser Bayram” or stival” in Turkish.
4. How do Muslims celebrate Eid al-Adha?
The other festival, Eid al-Adha, is the st of the sacrifice.” It comes at the end of the Hajj, an annual pilgrimage by millions of Muslims to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia that is obligatory once in a lifetime, but only for those with means.
Eid al-Adha recalls the story of how God commanded Ibrahim to sacrifice his son Ismail as a test of faith. The story, as narrated in the Quran, describes Satan’s attempt to tempt Ibrahim so he would disobey God’s command. Ibrahim, however, remains unmoved and informs Ismail, who is willing to be sacrificed.
But, just as Ibrahim attempts to kill his son, God intervenes and a ram is sacrificed in place of Ismail. During Eid al-Adha, Muslims slaughter an animal to remember Ibrahim’s sacrifice and remind themselves of the need to submit to the will of God.
5. When are they celebrated?
Eid al-Fitr is celebrated on the first day of the 10th month in the Islamic calendar.
Eid al-Adha is celebrated on the 10th day of the final month in the Islamic calendar.
The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and dates are calculated based on lunar phases. Since the Islamic calendar year is shorter than the solar Gregorian calendar year by 10 to 12 days, the dates for Ramadan and Eid on the Gregorian calendar can vary year by year.
6. What is the spiritual meaning of Eid al-Fitr?
Eid al-Fitr, as it follows the fasting of Ramadan, is also seen as a spiritual celebration of Allah’s provision of strength and endurance.
Amid the reflection and rejoicing, Eid al-Fitr is a time for charity, known as Zakat al-Fitr. Eid is meant to be a time of joy and blessing for the entire Muslim community and a time for distributing one’s wealth.
Charity to the poor is a highly emphasized value in Islam. The Quran says, lieve in Allah and his messenger, and give charity out of the (substance) that Allah has made you heirs of. For those of you who believe and give charity – for them is a great reward.”
Eid Al-Fitr 2020 – Sunday, May 24 (Happy Eid Mubarak)
Eid Al-Fitr 2020: Date, History, Significance, Theme, Facts, Celebrations Ideas, Wishes, Quotes, Pics & Images! Eid Ul-Fitr is known as “Festival of Breaking Fast” is the marking of the ending of Ramadan month. Ramadan is the holy month. Ramadan is the holiest month for Muslims which they try to maintain by doing good deeds, being kind, abstaining from any kind of immoral acts, seeking forgiveness for their sins.
On this month Muslims around the world perform fasting and after a month-long of fasting, they celebrate the end of it with the celebration called Eid Al-Fitr. The festival is a very crucial time in Islam. It enables families, loved ones, and communities to come together and rejoice after a month of fasting and devotion to Allah (SWT). Eid Al-Fitr marks the beginning of the Shawwal which is the number 10 month in the Islamic calendar.
History of Eid Al-Fitr
Muslims around the world have the hardcore conviction that during the holy month of Ramadan Prophet Muhammad received the first revelation of the Holy Quran. Few scholars believe that after Jang-e-Badr ‘s triumphant battle, Prophet Mohammed and his disciples celebrated the first Eid al-Fitr in 624 CE.
Eid al-Fitr signals the end of the dawn-to-dusk fast conducted at the time of Ramadan and the start of the Shawwal month. Eid al-Fitr is also celebrated for paying reverence to God for granting strength, tenacity, and moral guidance during the practices of month-long fasting.
When is Eid Al-Fitr 2020?
Because the date of Eid depends on the moon ‘s appearance, the exact date of observance around the world can vary. The declaration of Eid Al-Fitr ‘s precise dates cannot occur until the ending announcement of Ramadan which varies depending on the region due to moon sighting.
How to celebrate Happy Eid Al Fitr 2020?
Muslims across the globe join in on the celebration of Eid al-Fitr by engaging in prayers specifically for EID that is accompanied by a sermon shortly after dawn. The day begins with devotees wearing new clothing, exchanging greetings by saying “Eid Mubarak,” meaning “have a blessed Eid,” hugging each other while doing so, visiting each other’s house and eating various foods served in the visited houses.
In fact, the celebration of the day revolves around the serving of a variety of dishes including Biryani, Haleem, Shemai, Kebabs and traditional delicious foods depending on the country. It’s a day for immense joy for the children as they receive gifts from their elders which are known as Eidi. Muslims also practice the task of providing alms to the poor which is known as Zakat (one of the five pillars of Islam). Muslims are urged to resolve conflicts on this day because it is the day of pardon.
Throughout Ramadan, Muslims around the world consistently follow a fasting ritual between the hours of sunset and sunrise and spend a great deal of time in self-reflection while reciting the Quran and communicating on a spiritual level with Allah ( SWT). After a complete month of devotion and commitment, Eid-ul-Fitr is a time to come together and enjoy everyday blessings with family and loved ones.
Why is Eid Celebrated?
Ramadan is a month of self-introspection and correcting one’s way of living according to Allah’s shown path of mercy. They abstain from drinking any drinks, food and also refrain from any sort of misdoings as a way of seeking forgiveness for their past misdoings and forging a better path for themselves in the days to come. It’s not an easy task and thus EID is believed to be a celebration of their reward from Allah.
Eid Al-Fitra Quotes 2020 from Al-Quran:
Allah (Alone) is sufficient for us , and he is the Best Disposer of affairs (for us). Quran 3.173
There is no compulsion where the religion is concerned. (Holy Quran: 2/256)
And the men and the women who remember Allaah much with their hearts and tongues. Allaah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward (i.e. Paradise) [alAhzaab 33:35]
So whoever desires to meet his Lord, he should do good deeds and not associate anyone in the worship of his Lord. (Holy Quran – 18:110)
Whether you (mankind) disclose (by good words of thanks) a good deed (done to you in the form of a favour by someone), or conceal it, or pardon an evil, … verily, Allah is Ever Oft-Pardoning, All-Powerful. [AlNisa 4:149]
You cannot guide those you would like to but God guides those He wills. He has best knowledge of the guided. (Holy Quran/28: 56)
And O my people! Ask forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to Him, He will send you (from the sky) abundant rain, and add strength to your strength, so do not turn away as Mujrimoon (criminals, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) [Hood 11:52]
Hold to forgiveness, command what is right but turn away from the ignorant.” [7:199]
You who believe! Enter absolutely into peace (Islam). Do not follow in the footsteps of satan. He is an outright enemy to you. (Holy Quran: 2, 208)
And whomsoever Allah guides, there is none that can mislead him.[39:37]
Make sure to join in the celebration of Eid Al-Fitr this year however bleak the year might seem. We are alive, well and seeking Allah’s mercy and guidance is the way forward.
Meaning of Eid Al Fitr
The end of the 30-day fast in Ramadan is marked by a celebration — Eid Al Fitr. Lasting three days, the purpose of the festival is to promote brotherhood and bring one’s self back to the normal course of life after a month of religious devotion and abstaining from food or drink. In fact, this is also why Eid Al Fitr is known as the “Festival of Breaking the Fast” — also alternatively referred to as the Feast of Fasting, Sugar Feast and Eid of Happiness.
Celebrated immediately after the last day of Ramadan, Eid Al Fitr is one of the biggest celebrations in the Islamic calendar. Like the month before it, the date of the three-day festival depends on when the moon is visible in the geographical locations.
Eid ul Fitr 2021: History, Significance and Celebrations of Eid after Ramadan
Eid ul Fitr is commemorated on the opening day of the Shawwal month and Muslims across the world pay their honour to Allah for offering them health and resistance through the month-long fasting time called Ramzan or Ramadan.
The occasion signifies the end of Ramadan, the Islamic sacred month of fasting and is observed by Muslims all across the world. Eid al-Fitr means the “Festival of breaking fast.” The date of Eid ul Fitr is decided after the sighting of the crescent moon. In India, Eid ul Fitr will be celebrated on Friday, May 14. On Eid ul Fitr, people wear new clothes, preparing delicacies and doing charity. They also visit their family and friends for festivities.
It is generally accepted that Prophet Muhammad received the first vision of the Holy Quran during the holy month of Ramzan. Eid al-Fitr signified the end of fasting from dawn to dusk throughout Ramadan and the opening of the Shawwal month. Eid ul Fitr is also observed to pay tribute to Allah for bestowing strength and courage during the month-long fasting customs.
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It is a common belief that good actions are repaid 10 times in Islam and therefore the 30-day fasting season of Ramadan furnishes prosperity, harmony and peace to all individuals who endorse and dedicate themselves to the sacred cause.
Muslims across the world observe Eid ul Fitr by exercising prayers that are succeeded by a sermon shortly after sunrise. The day proceeds with devotees slipping in new clothes, offering greetings by saying “Eid Mubarak”, and also by sharing sweets. Children are given gifts and cash from elders which is termed as Eidi.
The celebration is unfinished without a comprehensive food menu including a host of delicacies like Haleem, Kebabs, Biryani, Nihari and mouth-watering desserts like Seviyan.
Eid al-Adha is known as the Feast of the Sacrifice, and at the heart of it is the story of Ibrahim. God, called Allah in Islam, appeared in a dream and told Ibrahim to sacrifice his son to prove his obedience. Ibrahim obeyed the message of the dream and took his son to the top of the mountain for the sacrifice. However, just as Ibrahim was about to perform the sacrifice, the boy was replaced by a ram. Because of Ibrahim’s willingness to sacrifice his son out of an unwavering commitment to God’s command, the boy was spared, and his devotion was rewarded.
Fred de Noyelle / Godong / Getty Images
Eid ul Fitr 2021: History, significance, date, celebrations of Eid after Ramadan
Ramadan, Ramzan or Ramazan is the holiest month in the Islamic calendar and this month-long fasting period is observed by Muslims all around the world. As the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, the beginning and end of Ramadan is based on the sighting of the new moon and on account of this the observance moves behind by approximately two weeks every year. The month-long fasting period culminates with the sighting of the new moon for the Islamic calendar month of Shawaal, and Ramadan's end is marked by the celebration of Eid, Eid al-Fitr or Eid-ul-Fitr upon the sighting of this new crescent moon. Eid al-Fitr is also called the “Festival of breaking fast”, and like for Ramadan, this is also observed in Saudi Arabia (and some countries around the world, as well as some parts of India) first, as Saudi is not only home to the holiest site for Muslim - Mecca, but also because the moon is always sighted there first. This year, Eid may begin on the evening of May 13 and end on the evening of May 14, however this depends on the sighting of the new moon.
According to Islam, it is believed that it was during the month of Ramadan that the Holy Quran, which is the holy book for Muslims, was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), and Eid al-Fitr is the feast that marks the end of this holy month and the beginning of the next month, Shawwal. Eid is also a celebration for having a successful month of fasting, praying and refraining from all negative actions, thoughts and words and is a way of paying respect to Allah.
Eid or Eid al-Fitr is one of the most major celebrations observed by Muslims across the globe, on this day devotees congregate in large numbers to attend prayers and sermons. On this day, Muslims are free to eat as they please after a month of fasting from dawn to dusk. Feasts are prepared in every household and dishes like pulao, saalan, biryani, haleem, nihari, kebabs, kofte and much more make for a delicious spread, and classic desserts seviyan (sweet vermicelli), sheer korma (vermicelli cooked in sweetened milk topped with nuts, spices), shahi tukda and phirni are served to family members, guests and visitors. Muslims wear new clothes, dress up in fancy attires and greet their near and dear ones with wishes of Eid Mubarak. Gifts, food, sweets are distributed on this occasion and children are often given money and gifts from their elders which is known as Eidi. While Eid this year may be low-key like it was last year on account of the coronavirus pandemic, it is best to have simple celebrations with only those living with you and to not congregate in large numbers, or to go for mass prayers to mosques.
Significance Of Eid-ul-Fitr
It is the time of offering religious devotion and observing discipline. Muslims wake up early in the morning and offer prayers before sunrise. They follow the tradition of wearing new clothes and follow Takbir. Prayers are performed in a congregation on Eid-ul-Fitr, however, this year people are expected to maintain social distancing norms in view of the ongoing global coronavirus pandemic.
Meanwhile, on this auspicious day, people exchange gifts, relish traditional delicacies, and do charity to the underprivileged and to those in need. The devotees are required to pay Zakat-al-Fitr, which is a charitable donation.
- Eid al-Fitr or Eid ul-Fitr, also known as Eid, is one of the most significant festivals of Muslims
- It marks the end of the dawn-to-dusk-fasting period of Ramadan, the ninth and the holiest Islamic month
Eid al-Fitr or Eid ul-Fitr, also known as Eid, is one of the most significant festivals of Muslims. It marks the end of the dawn-to-dusk-fasting period of Ramadan, the ninth and the holiest Islamic month. And interestingly, Eid is the first and the only day in the tenth Islamic month, Shawwal, which does not permit fasting. Hence, Eid calls for celebrations with loved ones.
Eid festivities begin after sighting the lunar crescent. Therefore, the Moon plays a significant role in determining the day of the festival. This year, Eid celebrations may commence on May 13 evening and continue on the next day, i.e., May 14.
What determines the date of Eid?
The Eid date is usually declared on the 29th day of the previous month. However, if the Moon is not sighted, the festival is celebrated on the following day. In a nutshell, the Eid date is based on the appearance and the subsequent sighting of the Lunar crescent.
The Imams (religious heads) announce the date of Eid after sighting the crescent moon. Hence, the date of the festival may vary from one place to the other.
Know more about Eid ul Fitr
Eid is significant because it marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan (the month when the Holy Quran was first revealed to the Prophet Muhammed).
Eid celebrations begin with a prayer called Salat al-Eid, and it is usually done in the Eidgah ( a congregation).
After the prayers, people participate in charity activities called Zakat-ul-Fitr (2.5 per cent of a person's income).
Dressed in their best attire, people greet and embrace each other to wish Eid Mubarak. The celebrations in India include the preparation of the Sevvaiyan, also called Sheer Khorma, a traditional dessert made with milk and a particular variety of vermicelli. People also exchange Eidi (presents given on the day of Eid).
Track Spiritual monthly Calendar for all Festivals, Vrats and Muhurat on Times Now.
Eid-ul-Fitr is celebrated on the first day of the month of Shawwal and is based on the sight of the moon as Islam follows the lunar calendar (waning and waxing of the moon) and not the Gregorian calendar. Therefore, the Eid celebration differs from one place to another. Muslims are not permitted to fast on this day of Shawwal and is celebrated to mark the end of the month of fasting.
On this auspicious occasion, charity is given to the poor and needy. During the month of Ramadan, Zakat-al-Fitr (a charitable contribution) is given to the underprivileged and is an essential part of Islam.