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Turkey Basic Facts - History

Turkey Basic Facts - History

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Population mid-2010 ......................................... 77,804,122

GNP per capita 2009 (Purchasing Power Parity, US$)........... 11,500
GDP 2009 (PPP, US$ billions)................ 879.3

Average annual growth 1991-97
Population (%) ....... 1.8
Labor force (%) ....... 2.9

Total Area..................................................................301,382 sq. mi.
Poverty (% of population below national poverty line)...... 26
Urban population (% of total population) ............................... 72

Life expectancy at birth (years).....................................................69
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live births)........................................ 40
Child malnutrition (% of children under 5) .............................10
Illiteracy (% of population age 15+) ............................................17


Largest cities: Istanbul, 11.253 million Izmir, 2.927 million Bursa, 1.713 million Adana, 1.468 million, Gaziantep 1.198 million.

Monetary unit: Turkish lira (YTL)

National name: Trkiye Cumhuriyeti

Languages: Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages

Ethnicity/race: Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 18%, other minorities 7-12% (2008 est.)

Religions: Islam (mostly Sunni) 99.8%, other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)

Literacy rate: 94.1% (2011 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $1.167 trillion per capita $15,300. Real growth rate: 3.8%. Inflation: 7.6%. Unemployment: 9.3%. Arable land: 26.21%. Agriculture: tobacco, cotton, grain, olives, sugar beets, hazelnuts, pulses, citrus livestock. Labor force: 27.91 million (2013 est.) note: about 1.2 million Turks work abroad agriculture 25.5%, industry 26.2%, services 48.4% (2010). Industries: textiles, food processing, autos, electronics, mining (coal, chromite, copper, boron), steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper. Natural resources: coal, iron ore, copper, chromium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestite (strontium), emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, pyrites (sulfur), clay, arable land, hydropower. Exports: $167.6 billion (2013 est.): apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metal manufactures, transport equipment. Imports: $242.9 billion (2013 est.): machinery, chemicals, semi-finished goods, fuels, transport equipment. Major trading partners: Germany, UK, Russia, U.S., Italy, France, Russia, China, Iraq, Iran, UAE (2012).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 13.86 million (2012) mobile cellular: 67.68 million (2012). Broadcast media: national public broadcaster Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT) operates multiple TV and radio networks and stations multiple privately-owned national television stations and up to 300 private regional and local television stations multi-channel cable TV subscriptions are obtainable more than 1,000 private radio broadcast stations (2009). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 7.093 million (2012). Internet users: 27.233 million (2009).

Transportation: Railways: total: 12,008 km (2012). Highways: total: 385,748 km paved: 352,268 km unpaved: 33,486 km (2012). Waterways: about 1,200 km (2010). Ports and harbors: .Aliaga, Ambarli, Diliskelesi, Eregli, Izmir, Kocaeli (Izmit), Mersin (Icel), Limani, Yarimca Airports: 98 (2013).

International disputes: complex maritime, air, and territorial disputes with Greece in the Aegean Sea status of north Cyprus question remains Syria and Iraq protest Turkish hydrological projects to control upper Euphrates waters Turkey has expressed concern over the status of Kurds in Iraq in 2009, Swiss mediators facilitated an accord reestablishing diplomatic ties between Armenia and Turkey, but neither side has ratified the agreement and the rapprochement effort has faltered Turkish authorities have complained that blasting from quarries in Armenia might be damaging the medieval ruins of Ani, on the other side of the Arpacay valley.

Flag of Turkey

27. It is common to kiss an elderly individual’s hand as a sign of respect.

28. Turkish public buildings commonly have a black arrow placed on their ceilings. It shows the direction of Mecca, which is considered to be the holiest place on Earth for Muslims.

29. The country takes equality between men and women very seriously. Since 1750, Turkey has had institutions that uphold women’s rights.

30. They were one of the first countries that allowed women to vote.

Females lay 4 to 17 eggs, and feed their chicks after they hatch—but only for a few days. Young turkeys quickly learn to fend for themselves as part of mother/child flocks that can include dozens of animals. Males take no role in the care of young turkeys.

Domestic turkeys have white-tipped tails because they are the descendants of a Mexican subspecies that was taken to Europe for domestication in the early 16th century. The feature distinguishes them from most modern wild turkeys, though captive diet, lifestyle, and breeding have caused other physical discrepancies.

Social Stratification

Classes and Castes. The most important determinants of social status are wealth and education. The basic categories include the wealthy urban educated class, the urban middle class, the urban lower class, the large rural landowner class, and the general rural population. A university education is the minimum qualification for entry into the urban educated class, in which there are numerous substrata.

Distinctions can be drawn between the urban upper and urban middle classes. The urban upper class includes several groups with high status determined by education, political influence, and wealth. Wealthy businessmen are accorded very high status, as are successful physicians, cabinet ministers, and many members of the assembly, directors of important government departments, and other high-level officials. Since World War II, businessmen have challenged the old military–bureaucratic elite for power and social prestige. Members of the urban upper class are generally westernized most speak at least one Western language, are well acquainted with European or American life and culture, and have close contact with the diplomatic and foreign business communities.

The urban middle class includes most civil servants, proprietors of medium-size businesses and industries, many persons in service occupations, some skilled workers, and university students. These groups usually are less westernized than the upper class and more oriented to Turkish culture. The urban middle class also includes virtually the entire upper strata of the provincial cities. There is considerable mobility within the urban educated class.

The urban lower class includes semiskilled and unskilled laborers, low-paid service workers, and the urban unemployed. The high rate of migration of young villagers to urban areas makes this the most rapidly growing class. Many migrants have difficulty finding jobs, and others work only seasonally. Many live in poverty in the shantytowns that ring the major cities. Urbanization continues as the rural population grows and urban industry offers better incomes.

Some 30 percent of the population are rural farmers, often referred to as peasants. Improved communications and transportation have brought them into closer contact with towns and cities. Educational efforts since 1923 succeeded in bringing the national literacy level up to 82.3 percent by 1995, although the rural literacy level is lower. Some eastern rural areas are still dominated by large landowners, traditional clan heads, and religious leaders. Young villagers who migrate to towns and cities cannot find their way into the middle class unless they receive further education.

Symbols of Social Stratification. Most men of all social classes have adopted Western styles of dress, including trousers, shirts, and jackets. Men and women in the upper and middle urban classes pay attention to Western fashions. They also live in high-priced apartments and try to possess Western luxury items, such as cars, electronic devices, cell phones, and computers. They have developed a taste for Western literature and music and attend musical events and plays. The upper class favors European-language high schools and universities the middle class is more satisfied with standard Turkish educational institutions. Both classes prefer to speak an educated Istanbul style of standard Turkish.

Most members of the lower urban classes live in shantytowns. Only a small proportion have graduated from high school ( lise ). The women tend to wear traditional conservative clothing, including head scarves and long coats, even in the summer. They favor Turkish and Middle Eastern music. The peasant and rural classes are the least exposed to Western and urban influences in dress, styles, language, and music. They, like the lower urban class, tend to speak Turkish with regional accents and grammatical peculiarities. The women wear conservative peasant dress consisting of baggy pantaloons and head scarves.

McRoberts, Jon T., Mark C. Wallace and Stephen W. Eaton. (2014). Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (P. G. Rodewald, editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York, USA.

North American Bird Conservation Initiative. (2014). The State of the Birds 2014 Report. US Department of Interior, Washington, DC, USA.

Partners in Flight (2017). Avian Conservation Assessment Database. 2017.

Sauer, J. R., J. E. Hines, J. E. Fallon, K. L. Pardieck, Jr. Ziolkowski, D. J. and W. A. Link. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, results and analysis 1966-2013 (Version 1.30.15). USGS Patuxtent Wildlife Research Center (2014b). Available from http://www.mbr-pwrc.usgs.gov/bbs/.

Sibley, D. A. (2014). The Sibley Guide to Birds, second edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, NY, USA.

Below are some general info such as total population, land area, biggest lake, highest mountain and other general facts about Turkey that might be interesting to know.

  • Total Population: 80,810,525
  • Capital: Ankara
  • Life expectancy: 75,76 years.
  • Highest Mountain: Ararat (5137 meters)
  • Land area: 783,356 km 2 (302,455 square miles)
  • Largest Lake: Lake Van
  • National Day: 29th October
  • Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic
  • President: Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
  • Currency: Lira (TRY)
  • Official language: Turkish
  • Religion: 99% Muslims
  • Official Website:mfa.gov.tr
  • Member of Nato: Yes
  • Member of EU: No
  • National song: &ldquoİstiklâl Marşı&rdquo
  • Time zone: UTC+3 (FET)
  • Country Number/Prefix: +90
  • Country Code: TR

Secularist protests

2007 April - Tens of thousands of supporters of secularism rally in Ankara, aiming to pressure Prime Minister Erdogan not to run in presidential elections because of his Islamist background.

2007 July - AK Party wins parliamentary elections. Abdullah Gul elected president the following month.

2007 October - Voters in a referendum back plans to have future presidents elected by the people instead of by parliament.

2008 February - Thousands protest at plans to allow women to wear the Islamic headscarf to university.

2009 October - The governments of Turkey and Armenia agree to normalise relations at a meeting in Switzerland.

2010 May - Relations with Israel come under severe strain after nine Turkish activists are killed in an Israeli commando raid on an aid flotilla attempting to reach Gaza.

2013 May-June - Mass anti-government protests spread to several cities, sparked by plans to develop one of Istanbul's few green spaces. The police respond with violence, and two protestors die.

2013 December - Government sacks numerous police chiefs over arrests of pro-government public figures on corruption charges. Observers see this as part of power struggle with former AK Party ally and influential US-based Muslim cleric Fethullah Gulen.

Facts about the Turkey

  • Author : Lisa Strattin
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date : 2019-08-29
  • Genre:
  • Pages : 39
  • ISBN 10 : 1689356243

This educational turkey books for kids presents facts along with full color photographs and carefully chosen words to teach children about the Turkey. Packed with facts about the turkey, your children or grandchildren will enjoy learning from start to finish while they read this turkey kids book. This book was a pleasure to write, and knowing that children learn from it made it all worthwhile! If you want to learn about the turkey, you will enjoy this kids turkey books. Learn many interesting facts and see some beautiful photographs of the turkeys. The gorgeous photographs will keep your child engaged from beginning to end. Included in the paperback version are some coloring pages for your child! Note: This book is suitable for children 5 years or age and older, although younger children will enjoy it if you share it with them. Grab your copy NOW by clicking the buy button at the top right of the page.

How to make Turkish Tea

To make Turkish tea, a Caydanlik is needed. This is two pots stacked on top of each other and water is placed in the bottom pot, while the tealeaves and a little water is put into the top pot.

When the bottom pot has boiled, mix the water with the tealeaves in the top pot. Then pour the tea into glasses through a strainer so they are half filled. Top up with the boiled water from the bottom pot.

As well as being a large part of the culture, the health benefits of Turkish tea are enormous.

So while you are in Turkey, accept an invitation to enjoy a glass of Turkish tea.

It is the biggest sign of hospitality that a Turk will ever make.

Readers Question : Do you like Turkish tea?

Watch the video: Λιβύη+Τουρκία=LIBYA+Turkey History Ιστορία (July 2022).


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